Behind the Numbers

Entries Tagged as 'Employment and Labour'

For the Sixth Year in a Row, Students are Struggling to Find Summer Jobs.

July 17th, 2014 · · Economy & Economic Indicators, Education, Employment and Labour

There is something great about summer in Canada; it’s hot but also full of promise with places to visit, camping, travelling, cottaging, trips to the beach and various summer events and festivals.

For many of Canada’s students, however, summer has not been so great. New data from Statistics Canada’s Labour Force Survey released Friday shows that students are struggling to find summer jobs for the sixth year in a row.

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Temporary Foreign Worker Program changes – who do they help?

July 15th, 2014 · · Employment and Labour, Human Rights

The Conservative Government’s Minister of Employment and Social Development, Jason Kenney, announced on June 20th 2014 a raft of changes to the federal Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP). The program has attracted controversy since at least 2006, most recently when the CBC reported that MacDonald’s outlets in Victoria were favoring temporary foreign workers over Canadians in hiring decisions and the allocation of hours.

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EI is Not Actually Helping the Poor

July 14th, 2014 · · Employment and Labour, Employment Insurance, Income Inequality

Who does employment insurance help? It seems like an obvious question. One would assume that EI is for Canadians who’ve lost their jobs and are therefore going to be low income. EI is meant to support them through hard times as they hopefully get another job and get back on their feet.

But…. what if we look at what income quintile EI recipients formerly found themselves? Were they low-income, middle class, or rich before they got laid off? I did some digging and I was surprised by the result.

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Ontario Labour Market Remains Stuck on Precarity

July 11th, 2014 · · Economy & Economic Indicators, Employment and Labour, Ontario

Today is jobs Friday – the day that Statistics Canada’s monthly job report is released – and the numbers show Ontario’s labour market remains stuck in a precarious state.

Ontario lost 34,000 jobs between May and June. On a year-over-year basis, Ontario created only 10,000 new jobs between June 2013 and June 2014.

Total year-over-year gain: 2,000 full-time jobs and 8,000 part-time jobs.

Not only that, but the increase in employment comes entirely in the 55+ age bracket where employment increased by over 100,000 individuals (this age group also saw a population increase of 125,000).

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More People Chase Fewer Jobs

July 11th, 2014 · · Employment and Labour

Statistics Canada reported today that unemployment jumped by 25,700 in June because of shrinking employment and a growing labour force. Canada’s labour force expanded because of population growth, even though the participation rate did not increase. The combination of less employment and a larger working-age population depressed the employment rate to 61.4% – its lowest level since January 2010.

The Harper government has long trumpeted having a stronger job market than the US. In June, the unemployment rate rose in Canada but fell in the US. Statistics Canada reports that it is now the same on both sides of the border, even after adjusting for methodological differences between the two countries.

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Temporary Foreign Workers: A Progressive Solution

June 26th, 2014 · · Employment and Labour

The Temporary Foreign Workers (TFW) program has become such a mess that its complete elimination for low-skilled occupations is now an active possibility. Business, for its part, is screaming bloody murder that the cancellation will force the shutdown of entire sectors. They claim even offering $100/hour or $180,000/year to serve coffee at Tim Hortons will be inadequate to attract applicants. To boot, there is clear evidence that hiring TFWs instead of, say, Canadian youth is bad for Canadians looking for work.

As a progressive, I’ve wrestled with what to do with this mess. Should the whole program just be cancelled? If so, what happens to the actual Temporary Foreign Workers and, as a progressive, should I even care?

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Wanted: Big Ideas to Tackle Youth Unemployment

June 19th, 2014 · · Employment and Labour, Youth

You may not have heard about it because it didn’t receive much media attention, but the Parliamentary Finance Committee has been researching Youth Unemployment.

Canada has a youth unemployment problem. The youth unemployment rate at 13.9% in 2013 is more than twice the rate of those above 25, youth employment has barely improved since the worst of the recession and youth labour force participation has declined substantially. Youth who do have a job are more likely to be working in a precarious, temporary position or to be working part-time involuntarily.

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A Paycheck is Not a Lifestyle Choice

June 9th, 2014 · · Employment and Labour, Gender Equality

Pay GapAllow me to woman-splain some things about the wage gap.

What is the wage gap? When two people have the same job, work the same hours and make different amounts of money that is a wage gap. In Canada, women working full-time earn between 20-23% less than their male colleagues.[i] Pay equity refers to situations where two people perform different tasks that are of comparable value and receive different levels of pay.

Do women always make less than men?

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How NOT to Create a Million Jobs

May 8th, 2014 · · Employment and Labour, Ontario

In a recent media event at a Toronto sound studio to launch his campaign for the Ontario election, Conservative leader Tim Hudak made an interesting comment that is worthy of serious consideration by Ontario voters — and anyone else concerned with unemployment during this brutal, austere era. Mr. Hudak was emphasizing his “Million Jobs” plan.  His argument was sidetraceked by the awkward fact that the venue for the launch (MetalWorld recording studio) benefits from targeted provincial subsidies for the music and production industry — exactly the sort of “corporate welfare” that Mr. Hudak pledges to end).  Television coverage of the launch can be viewed here.

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Why the job market still looks pink and blue

April 9th, 2014 · · Economy & Economic Indicators, Employment and Labour, Gender Equality, Income Inequality

ImageOver the past twenty years more women have gone to university and more women have entered the paid workforce. So why does the job market still look pink and blue?

A recent study published by Statistics Canada finds that young women with university degrees today are most likely to become elementary school teachers or nurses.

Just like young women twenty years ago.

The increasing share of women attaining university degrees has clearly increased their share of some professional job markets—particularly in law and medicine. However, women’s shares of jobs in science and engineering have grown only slightly from their historically low levels.

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