Six years after the global recession plunged governments the world over into fiscal deficit mode, Ontario remains mired in deficit scare tactics engineered by the previous McGuinty government.
In its waning years, the McGuinty government invested heavily in creating an atmosphere of fiscal crisis in Ontario. The objective was to push the reset button on an exercise in public services rebuilding that had outpaced the tolerance of the Liberals’ more conservative backers.
The government, led by its Minister of Finance Dwight Duncan, seized upon the downturn in revenue caused by the 2008-09 recession. It argued expenditures were out of control and the province was saddled with a structural deficit that could only be addressed by cutting public services and by going after public sector unions.
To put it simply, before Ontario had begun to recover from the deepest global economic recession since the 1930s, the government declared that the obvious was not true – the deficit was not cyclical – and set out to scare Ontarians into accepting austerity as the only viable response.
The centerpiece of the government’s fiscal shock treatment was a review led by former TD Bank Chief Economist Don Drummond. And while Drummond made literally hundreds of recommendations for change – many ill-considered – the core of his report was a fiscal projection that purported to demonstrate that if the government did not take drastic action, Ontario faced the prospect of a deficit ballooning to over $30 billion.
A closer look at Drummond’s projection exposed it as little more than a carefully constructed set of assumptions designed to produce the most frightening possible deficit projection.
Program expenditures were overstated.
Revenue growth was understated.
Debt service costs were overstated.
Planned corporate income tax cuts were assumed to proceed unaffected by the province’s fiscal position.
Arbitrary and unexplained contingency amounts were added to the expenditure total – just enough to push the projected deficit over the headline-grabbing $30 billion figure.
Most tellingly, given the obvious relationship between the growth in the deficit and the 2008-09 recession, Drummond assumed the productive capacity that was idled during the recession would remain idle post-recession.
A look back at the fiscal record in the post-recession period demonstrates how assiduously the government worked to paint a picture of fiscal doom.
At the time of the Fall 2009 Economic Statement, the deficit for 2009-10 was forecast at $24.7 billion. It turned out to be $19.3 billion.
The 2010-11 deficit was forecast to be $21.1 billion. It turned out to be $14 billion.
The 2011-12 deficit was forecast to be $19.4 billion. It turned out to be $13 billion.
And the first projection of the 2012-13 deficit, issued in the 2010 budget, was $15.9 billion. The 2012-13 Public Accounts revealed the actual deficit to be $9.2 billion.
The pattern has been one of consistent exaggeration of Ontario’s budgetary deficit. Every year the final deficit numbers turn out to be significantly lower than originally forecast.
What’s more, the improvement in the prior years’ inaccurate forecasts are never reflected in revised forecasts to more accurately inform deficit projections for future years.
For 2009-10, the actual deficit was $5.7 billion lower than forecast. But when the final numbers for 2009-10 were released, the 2010-11 forecast was reduced by only $2.4 billion.
For 2010-11, the actual deficit was $7.1 billion lower than originally forecast. When the final numbers for 2010-11 were released, the forecast for 2011-12 was reduced by only $3.4 billion from the original forecast.
For 2011-12, the actual deficit was $6.4 billion below the original forecast. When the final numbers came out, the forecast for 2012-13 was only $1.5 billion below the initial forecast.
And in 2012-13, the final deficit number was $6.7 billion below the original budget forecast and $6 billion below the 2011 budget forecast.
Despite that, the forecast for 2013-14 has been reduced by only $1.6 billion from the 2011 budget forecast.
In other words, current deficit predictions are based upon years of faulty predictions – not upon reality. It’s a deficit prediction pattern that helped bolster the deficit narrative crisis that led to the destabilizing austerity agenda of 2012.
The CCPA’s March 2012 deconstruction of the Drummond report’s fiscal projections showed that, taking Drummond’s forecasts for economic growth and inflation as given, reasonable and consistent assumptions would yield a projected deficit in 2017-18 of $6.5 billion while maintaining real per capita spending.
It also demonstrated that the difference between Drummond’s projected $30 billion deficit and the realistic projection of $6.5 billion is attributable to exaggerated assumptions that transformed a projected manageable deficit into a “fiscal crisis”.
There is no structural deficit in Ontario. There is a lingering, but manageable, cyclical deficit – trumped up by a deficit crisis narrative the government itself helped fuel two years ago.
Economist Hugh Mackenzie is a CCPA research associate.
Hugh Mackenzie “Ontario’s Fiscal Reality – Cup half empty or half full”, Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, March 19, 2012.